Work is central to the economy and to society, and is crucial to people’s lives. Paid work provides income and self-esteem, and it brings people together. But will this continue to be the case?
A lot is changing in the way goods and services are organised and produced. Increasingly, jobs consist of various “tasks” that in some cases can be taken over by computers and robots, or by people somewhere else in the world. What exactly does this cocktail of technological developments and global task differentiation mean for our workforce? Just who will work in future is one question, but another is what our future work will look like.
Flexibilisation of employment relationships
Another labour market trend is the development of looser connections between employers and employees, i.e. the flexibilisation of employment relationships. Will the concepts of “employee” and “employment contract” cease to apply? Such changes raise questions regarding the rules, legislation, agreements, and certainties which form the basis of the world of work and the welfare state.
Social and economic significance
The aim of the Future of Work project is to identify crucial labour market trends in the area of the digital revolution and the flexibilisation of employment relationships, and to investigate their social and economic significance. And what response do these trends demand as regards policy?